In Agra, India there is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture, which in the world is known as the Taj Mahal. This shining tomb that is spread across 42 acres, is the epitome of beauty but still, it has a heart-wrenching story to tell. This 400-year-old building used to be the biggest and most magnificent building of its time. Now, it is considered the seventh wonder of the world. To build this magnificent structure 20,000 laborers put in their blood and sweat that too for straight 22 years. If we imagine its valuation at present this marble-cladding tomb is worth $1 billion or more than Rs 7.5 crore.
Free photos of Taj mahal

Shah Jahan decided to dedicate his whole life and wealth. Six months after the death of Mumtaj Mahal the construction work of the Taj Mahal began. Around 20,000 laborers, sculptures and craftsmen were brought from the entire empire. Armies of men were brought to Agra on Shah Jahan’s order. Because Mumtaj Mahal’s Grave was present on the bank of the Yamuna River therefore it was a very difficult task to construct the most beautiful building in the world here. The land beside the river is soft and if the place is excavated, then the flow of water could harm the foundation of the Taj Mahal. To solve this problem, Mughal engineers started digging many wells. Laborers used to dig the well until they found dry soil. These wells were then filled with rocks and rubble and large columns of stones were erected over them.

To execute this work, an army of elephants was used along with the laborers. This trick of Mughal engineers worked and now a rock-solid foundation was ready, upon a soft land. The four pillars at the four corners are not standing vertically straight rather they are slightly leaning outwards. Because if they were kept vertically straight, then from a distance, they would look like leaning inwards, as you can see in this picture of a mosque. There was another reason, for leaning these pillars outwards. That, in case of a strong earthquake, they will fall outwards, keeping the monument safe.

DESIGNING OF (TAJ MAHAL)

After the foundation, now it was time to design a building that no one had ever seen. A design that would break all the records. Shah Jahan took inspiration from his ancestors’ tombs for the Taj Mahal’s design. The idea of the pillars was taken from his father’s tomb and the building core from his grandfather’s tomb. And the idea of the Dome from his uncle’s tomb. And when all these things were combined, a beautiful design surfaced. To construct the building structure millions of bricks were baked at the location. This was not at all easy and an enormous amount of money was spent on it. Every passing day the royal treasure was getting empty.

DECORATION

After years of hard work, the main structure of the building was completed and now it was time to decorate it with marble.

This marble was brought from Rajasthan 400 km away from Agra. Because the Makrana marble of this place is still believed to be the world’s finest marble. Shah Jahan had reserved an entire lot of Makrana marble for the Taj Mahal which means until the demand for the Taj Mahal was not completed one was allowed to purchase this marble. Thousands of tonnes of marble were brought from Rajasthan to Agra with the help of thousands of elephants. Taj Mahal’s dome is so big that by seeing it one can feel its magnanimous size. Nowadays this kind of doom can be built using steel structure but 400 years ago to build a 40m high dome they had only stones.

Among the special things about the Taj Mahal is that it changes color four times a day. Before the sunrise, it gives black shade. After the sunrise, it has a light yellow and pink shade. And in the afternoon, it looks spectacularly white. As if a white pearl shining in the blue sky. And during the sunset, the entire building looks golden.

HOW THIS PLACE GOT THIS NAME

After 22 years, in 1654 the construction work of the Taj Mahal was completed. Shah Jahan was successful in completing the world’s most beautiful tomb for his beloved wife. Shah Jahan kept the name of this magnificent building in his wife’s name. Inspiring by Mumtaj Mahal the building was named Taj Mahal. Every year, Shah Jahan used to visit the Taj Mahal via the Yamuna River
on Mumtaj Mahal’s death anniversary. This entrance for the Taj Mahal was build only for the Royal family members so it had the best sculpture work so it could please the eyes of royals.
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